what is unicef

UNICEF – United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund,

What Is UNICEF/ Meaning And Functions Of UNICEF .

The United Nations Children’s Fund, originally known as the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, is an international organization that provides emergency food and healthcare to children and mothers in countries that had been devastated by World War II.

UNICEF is a leading humanitarian and development agency working globally for the rights of every child.

The organization was created by the United Nations General Assembly on 11 December 1946.

The prime object of this organization is to see that the right of every child is respected and protected.

According to UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
In Child Friendly Language

“Rights” are things every child should have or be able to
do. All children have the same rights. These rights are listed in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Almost every country has agreed to these rights. All the
rights are connected to each other, and all are equally
important. Sometimes, we have to think about rights in
terms of what is the best for children in a situation, and
what is critical to life and protection from harm. As you
grow, you have more responsibility to make choices and
exercise your rights.

Meanwhile,  the rights of a child have been Universally articulated together by the organization  to include but not limited to the following rights; right for safe shelter, nutrition, protection from disaster and conflict and traverse the life cycle: pre-natal care for healthy births, clean water and sanitation, health care and education.

Ever since it creation, the organization has never lacked funding and manpower for the running of her day to day activities.

UNICEF Source of funding and sponsorship comes from the government and non government agencies.

NOTE: UNICEF’s Mission Statement and Goal revolves around the provisions made in the document “Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)”

The Convention which has 54 Articles summarized all the right of every child.

Thus, Article 1 of the convention defined a child to be everyone under 18 years. These are people that the convention seeks to protect their rights.

Further more, Article 2 of the convention makes the right inalienable or fundamental to every child.

All children have these rights, no matter who
they are, where they live, what their parents do,
what language they speak, what their religion is,
whether they are a boy or girl, what their culture
is, whether they have a disability, whether they
are rich or poor. No child should be treated
unfairly on any basis

UNICEF seeks to protect, provide and advocates for those rights that are enumerated in the  “Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)”

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